2nd International Congress on Mental Health
Title: Study of psychosocial stressors and psychiatric morbidities in patients of Myocardial Infarction
Biography: Umar Mushir
Background: Psychological factors have been known to be a risk for coronary disease. Psychiatric disorders may develop as a complication of cardiovascular disease.
Aim: To study psychosocial stressors and psychiatric morbidity in Myocardial Infarction patients and establish their correlation.
Materials and Methods: 50 patients with Myocardial Infarction were evaluated for stressors using PSLES scale and compared with the control group. Another group of 50 patients post Myocardial infarction were assessed for Anxiety and Depression using suitable rating scales and compared with control group.
Results: 4.0% patients had no stressors, 16.0% had at least one stressor, 64.0% had two stressors, 16.0% patients had three stressors and there were no patients who had 4 or more stressors. Majority of the patients had two stressors. For all stressors, statistically significant difference was seen between recent MI group and control group (p < 0.05)
Statistically significant difference was found in mean HAM-D score between the six months post MI group and control group (P < 0.05) and a statistically significant difference in mean HAM-A score between the six months post MI group and control group (P < 0.05)
Conclusion: More stressors were present in the patients of Myocardial Infarction compared to the control group. The study also showed that following MI, patients were more depressed and more anxious in comparison to the control group.