Day 1 :
- Accepted Presentations
Ross S. Sterling High School, USA
Tramy Nguyen is currently a junior at Ross S. Sterling High School in Baytown, Texas, as well as a Jack Kent Cooke Young Scholar. She attended the Research Mentorship Program at the University of California, Santa Barbara, with a full scholarship from both the Research Mentorship Program and the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation. During the course of the six-week program, Tramy conducted research and shadowed clinical work at the Koegel Autism Center under the guidance of her mentor, Anthony Osuna. She produced a paper, poster, and presentation regarding her research into stigma.
In the United States, there is a major disparity between White and minority families regarding autism spectrum disorder (ASD) identification and diagnosis. Children from minority families tend to receive ASD diagnoses at later ages than those from White families. Potential barriers to the identification of autism within underrepresented communities may include stigma regarding autism that is especially prevalent within the older generations of these communities. It is important to understand the conceptualizations held by the older generations because these perspectives will offer insight into the unique challenges that ethnic minority families experience with having a child with an autism diagnosis. The purpose of this descriptive case study is to thematically analyze qualitative data from an interview in order to explore the experiences of the interviewee with stigma that she encountered from the older Filipino community. Stigma was utilized as a code, a theme, as well as a central topic within the study. The results indicate that the stigma experienced by the interviewee was related to the themes of cultural and generational differences. However, it is imperative to note that the interviewee’s expereinces are unique to her, and they may also be the result of cultural blending. Future studies may expand on this study by including multiple participants in order to understand stigma within these underrepresented ethnic minority communities.
Islamic Azad University of Nyshabour, Iran
Vahid bafandegan got degree in chemistry A.B after this had completed master education at the age of 30 years from Islamic Azad University torbat jam . New he study PHD psychology as student in Islamic azad University nyshabour. He work in the center of addict as director and therapist in Therapeutic community (TC) mashhad. He mainly the cure of existentialism than others approach. he has published more than 10 papers in journals so and for two years work in disable people that cause of pain was drug use.
Background & Objectives: The frequent Comorbidity of depression disorder and substance use disorders (SUD) is well- documented. Metacognitive therapy is designed as a treatment to influence cognitive-attention syndrome, metacognitive processes, knowledge of its stimulating and action on the cognitive subsystem. The aim of present study was to investigate effect of metacognitive therapy on depressed addicts on methadone Maintenance treatment in Mashhad.
Methods and materials :Of the 75 addicts receiving methadone the sample was included 24 participants who were assigned by random sampling in experimental (N=12) and control group (N=12). Addicts were completed Beck Depression short Inventory (BDI-13) in the pre-test, post-test. Data were analyzed by the SPSS 16 and presented with covariance (ANCOVA) test
.Alpha level less than .05 was considered significance ( p<0.05).
Findings :analysis of ANCOVA showed that there are significant differences between experimental and control group based on depression (f=184.8, p<0.001) in post-test stage.
Conclusion: results suggest that metacognitive therapy could be a short and effective treatment. Thus the thoughts and feelings without judgment and evaluation are done with the help of mental imagery. Additionally it is consistent with a detached mindfulness conceptualization of problematic abuse behavior and further add to our understanding of the role of speciﬁc metacognitions and mindfulness across the continuum of Abuse behavior and mood disorders.
Social Worker, USA
Samantha Gerson is a Clinical Social Worker living in Los Angeles, CA. Her studies all had an emphasis on trauma and reparative educational environments. She is currently working full time as an outpatient therapist, as well as launching her own Non-Profit- UnBroken. UnBroken serves survivors of Institutional Abuse and Conversion Therapy, providing them psychological, legal and vocational resources at no cost. The crux of Samantha’s life work is to abolish conversion therapy entirely.
Institutional Abuse is a national epidemic that our country has chosen to ignore. Many parents send their children to Residential Treatment Facilities when the child's behavior becomes too much for the parent to handle. Other parents send their children to these facilities when the child comes out to them and they want a quick fix to what they view as a problem. While treatment facilities and educational reparative environments can be a great resource and beneficial to those they offer treatment to, many abuse their power and physically, emotionally, and sexually abuse the children they are there to care for. This epidemic is ongoing, and many lawsuits have been filed, but the abuse has not stopped. Advocates have worked with legislation to change laws, but this work has not been enough. This is true of Conversion Therapy as well, as it has not been outlawed federally. In fact, it is a common practice in many of these facilities. The truth about conversion therapy is frightening and this workshop will touch on the facts, details and all other information to what occurs behind Residential Facility’s closed doors. Television and other forms of media often make these types of environments look fun, friendly, and safe; but the truth is they often result in youth leaving with PTSD, physical disorders, and sometimes, death (by suicide). This workshop will help attendees become familiar with institutional abuse and how they can advocate against it; in addition to connecting survivors to resources. This workshop will be from a Social Work lens, and very interactive.
Sangeetha is a 24 year old insurance professional from the IT hub of India, Bangalore. She is a survivor and a fighter. She was diagnosed with depression having bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder in November 2014. Since then, she has been undergoing regerous therapy and had been taking medication for the same.
She is an author and poet and published 2 books in 2017 and 2018 respectively. Today she stands strong and tells the world her story of survival and how she overcomes her depression
Queen Margaret University, UK
Lionel is a promising young graduate who acquired his Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Occupational Therapy from the University of Worcester, England in 2017 aged 20. He is currently pursueing his PhD at Queen Margaret University, Scotland and is researching the relation between environmental factors and occupational participation among clients with mental health illnesses currently living in supported accommodation. Lionel has a heightened interest in youth mental health and has spent most of his career working with disadavantaged young people.
-Identify reasons young people experiencing symptoms of mental illness smoke
-Explore and contribute to current literation on smoking cessation and Dark Occupations
-Identify occupational value of smoking among this demographic group
Background: “Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the UK” (Office for National Statistics, 2018); The health impact of smoking is a major public health concern across the UK and a shared agenda of the International world (WHO, 2017). Despite this increased public awareness, smoking remains common among young people with mental health conditions. A critical review of the literature explored smoking and its value to mental health clients from an occupational perspective including domains of “Doing, Being, Becoming and Belonging” (Wilcock & Hocking, 2015).
This presentation is based on an in-depth qualitative study of three young smokers who attended a Social and Interpersonal skills intervention programme for young people Not in Employment, Education and Training (NEET). The study explored reasons why young people with mental illness smoke, with an underlying focus on understanding the perceived value smoking has as an occupation to this group of young people. Utilising Twinley’s (2012) definition of dark occupations, the study outlines both the positive and negative effects of smoking for socially disadvantaged young people, providing an evidence base to inform smoking interventions developed by practitioners.
Methodology and Methods: An Interpretivist paradigm was adopted, employing the use of semi-structured interviews to gain subjective perceptions. The semi-structured interview style allowed flexibility for participants’ to discuss their value of smoking. Participants consisted of 3 young people aged 20-23 currently experiencing mental health symptoms.
In order to enhance the quality of subjective material gained an Interpretative Phenomenological Approach (IPA) has been applied, complimented by a thematic analysis of data collected. IPA allowed for more flexibility during the research, bypassing the views of the researcher and making it that of the individual’s while allowing the researcher to delve deeper and ask further questions (Pietkiewicz & Smith, 2014).
The flexible nature of IPA produced an overtly in-depth discussion, contributing to the interpretation process rather than the analysis. A thematic analysis therefore allowed for further scrutiny of the data, narrowing down our results.
Findings: The study enhances our understanding of why individuals smoke and identifies gaps in understanding reasons for engagement among this specific demographic. Four sub-themes emerged from the IPA interpretation process: 1) The First Smoke; 2) Motivators to Smoke –Triggers, Social and Family Motivators; 3) Coping Strategies and Individualised benefits of smoking; 4) Occupational Significance to smoking. Further thematic analysis narrowed the results to three main reasons for young people with mental health conditions to continue to smoke; 1) Social Drivers; 2) an Increased Occupational Significance (i.e. participation and performance); 3) use as a coping strategy.
Conclusion: While the health impacts of smoking should not be ignored, the compelling reasons for smoking need to be acknowledged for young people with mental health conditions, who may have limited alternative coping strategies and lack social engagement opportunities.
University of KwaZulu-Natal- Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, South Africa
Prevalence rates of HIV infection in KwaZulu-Natal are high, with a significant amount of those infected being women of reproductive age. A diagnosis of HIV infection has been associated with an increased risk for the development of depression. Antenatal depression is a serious health concern, with the potential to cause wide-reaching adverse consequences for both mother and unborn child. This study compared depressive scores between newly diagnosed HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women in KwaZulu-Natal to elucidate any association between a new diagnosis of HIV infection and the development of antenatal depression. 102 newly HIV tested Black African pregnant women were recruited from antenatal clinics at two regional hospitals; and were stratified based on HIV status (HIV-infected: n=40; HIV-uninfected: n=62). Women’s sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded, before being assessed for depression using an IsiZulu version of the Edinburgh Depression Scale. Of the sample, 9.8% suffered from depression. Prevalence rates of antenatal depression did not differ significantly between HIV-infected and uninfected cohorts (p=0.79). A diagnosis of HIV infection (p<0.0001) and maternal age (p=0.03) are risk factors for antenatal depression. Unemployment (p=0.09) is a borderline risk factor for the development of antenatal depression. Our sample demonstrated a low prevalence rate of depression. A new diagnosis of HIV infection in pregnancy places women at an increased risk for the development of antenatal depression. Younger age and unemployed status may influence depression. This study provides an important step in documenting the need for screening for antenatal depression in HIV associated pregnancies.
Sudha Lama is presently pursuing her Masters in Psychiatric Nursing from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New-Delhi, India. She has an experience of more than 10 years as a Nursing officer in AIIMS. She has presented a paper on IONM (Intra operative Neuro- monitoring) in IACTSCON held in February 2015 at Hyderabad, India. She has been awarded AIIMSONIANS of America Book Prize Award for Best Nurse in Research work for the year 2014. She is awarded the Best Nurse award for the excellent care provided for the year 2008 in Indraprastha Apollo Hospital
The single-parent family and their children are vulnerable groups and are at greater risk of stress, which may have an adverse effect on their psychological health. The study was conducted using a descriptive, cross sectional design on a hundred women having single parenting experience (widow, divorced/separated, or doing single parenting because of employment or other reasons) chosen by snowball sampling and convenience sampling techniques in community dwellings in Delhi-NCR. Three standardized tools were used, Parental Stress Scale and MSPSS and GHQ-30 to assess Parenting stress and psychological health including social support. Results: The women having single parenting stress had moderate parenting stress. Out of 100, half of the women having single parenting experience had good psychological health and other half had poor psychological health. The social support was available mostly from the family followed by friends and others. There was a statistically significant association between parenting stress of women having single parenting experience with their low education, low monthly income, no occupation, hindu, muslims/other religions and lack of financial help from the spouse. And also there was a statistical significant association between psychological health of women with their lower age and lower monthly income. Most of the women having single parenting experience had moderate levels of anxiety, depression, social dysfunction and inadequate coping, which had an impact on psychological health, which was poor
Peninsula Behavioral Health. Port Angeles, USA
Joseph Reis, ARNP has served in many clinical and healthcare leadership roles since 1991, first as a career Nursing Officer in the United States Army, and currently as the Medical Director at Peninsula Behavioral Health in Port Angeles, WA. Mr. Reis has managed government contracts supporting the Post Deployment Health Reassessment Program for U.S. Department of Defense, Reserve Health Affairs and supported the World Trade Center National Health Responder Program.
Originally from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Mr. Reis obtained his undergraduate nursing degree at Kent State University, an Adult Nurse Practitioner Master’s degree from West Virginia University and a Post Master’s in Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner from Washington State University. Mr. Reis has written for various professional journals and has presented at numerous National conferences on military suicide and substance abuse.
It is well understood that across the globe military personnel are a cohort at high risk for suicide. The United States is no exception to that fact. Although a significant amount of research has been dedicated to identifying causative factors to better understand the scope of this issue and to create effective suicide prevention strategies, little has been done to identify the individual and collective risk factors associated with military culture itself on this topic. This lecture will examine the impact of military culture on veteran suicides and explore how the warrior ethos may have transnational implications. The lecture will examine both protective and risk factors surrounding military communities and explore the question why there continues to be a lack of evidence-based practices for reducing suicide deaths internationally among military service members.
Newpark Autism Centre, Ireland
Brian McCann is a doctoral student at University of Dundee. He has an M.Phil. in Applied Linguistics (Trinity College, Dublin), an MBA in Educational Management (University of Leicester) and 4th Degree Black Belt (Yon Dan) (Aikido from World Headquarters, Tokyo). He has four post-graduate diplomas in Special Education (University College Dublin; Queen’s University, Belfast and the National University of Ireland, Maynooth) and eighteen licensed certifications in Autism Research and Oriental Studies taught by MIT and the Universities of Amsterdam, Copenhagen, London, Tokyo and Keio. He teaches Samurai weaponry (Jo, Bokken, Shinai) to autistic students at the Newpark Autism Centre, Dublin.
The research questions what it is to be an autistic adult as a novice martial artist in the practice of Aikido. This responds to a gap in the literature on martial arts as an intervention in autism and investigates the impact of martial practice on life-worlds and levels of happiness and well-being. Four participants met with two inclusion criteria: firstly, aged between eighteen and sixty-five; secondly, hold a clinical diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The research was conducted using Thematic Analysis (TA). The sample engaged in an adapted Aikido course taught by officially registered black belt instructors within a formal dojo setting in Dublin. Video and photo elicitation were used in the semi-structured interviews. The participants logged their experiences. Two phases of semi-structured interviews followed the course. Phase Two followed between four and six months after Phase One to register any longitudinal changes. The researcher personally transcribed over sixty thousand words of interview data. TA was selected because it focused on semantics and also combined the latency of hermeneutics, idiography and phenomenology. Phase One revealed codes across the four transcripts, revealing issues of fear, bullying, threat, protection, anxiety, comfort and safety. Phase Two manifested a significant longitudinal impact on the life-worlds of participants, ranging from a newly acquired life-world structure to an augmented peace of mind. The study contributes to the current wave of advocacy for the autistic nation and may inspire further research. On a pragmatic level, it may offer guidance to martial art instructors teaching autistic adults in their classes.
University of Turin, Italy
Luciano Giromini, PhD, is lecturer in the Department of Psychology, and core faculty member for the Ph.D. program in Psychological, Anthropological and Educational Sciences of the University of Turin, Italy. He has taught psychological assessment and psychometrics at two Italian and one Californian universities, and is currently the coordinator the Evidence-Based Psychological Assessment research team of University of Turin. He is one of the authors of the Inventory of Problems (IOP-29) and a member of the R-PAS Research and Development group. His published works focus on assessment, malingering, and cross-cultural adaptations of psychological assessment tools. Some of his neuro-physiological studies have been the recipient of important, internationally recognized awards (e.g., the Mary Cerney Award, issued by the Society for Personality Assessment), so that Dr. Giromini was issued an “Alien of Extraordinary Ability in Personality Assessment” U.S. Visa by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
The Inventory of Problems – 29 (IOP-29; Viglione, Giromini & Landis, 2017) is a new, brief, self-report measure designed to assist practitioners evaluating the credibility of various symptom presentations, including those related to (1) depression/anxiety, (2) psychosis/schizophrenia, (3) post-traumatic reactions, and (4) neuropsychological/intellectual dysfunction. It is comprised of 29 items, administrable via classic, paper-and-pencil format, or online, using a tablet or a PC. By analyzing the responses to each of these 29 items, a logistic regression-derived formula generates the False Disorder Probability Score (FDS), a probability value reflecting the likelihood of drawing that specific IOP-29 from a group of experimental feigners versus a group of bona fide patients. This workshop will describe the research foundation for using the IOP-29 in forensic evaluations, and will present some guidelines for its use in applied practice. For example, it will address issues related to administering the IOP-29 in multimethod, symptom validity assessment (e.g., administration order when used with the TOMM or SIMS; online versus paper-and-pencil administration, etc.), and to interpreting its chief index, the FDS. No prior experience with the IOP instruments is required.
Goals and Objectives: 1. Describe the research foundation for using the IOP-29 to evaluate the credibility of various mental illness complaints; 2. Compare the efficacy of the IOP-29 versus other available tools such as SIMS, TOMM, PAI and MMPI; 3. Provide practical guidelines on how to administer, score, and interpret the IOP-29; 4. Integrate IOP-29 results with other sources of information. Skill Level: No prior experience with the IOP instruments is required, and all psychologists and graduate students at all levels of training may attend this introductory workshop.
Umar Mushir has done M.B.B.S.(with Honours) from Katihar Medical College, Katihar Bihar under the B.N.Mandal University, Madhepura. He also did M.D. in Psychiatry from Index Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Indore, under the Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Presently working as Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry at Career Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Lucknow, India. He has attended more than 10 National conferences and presented papers and posters in some of them. He also has 3 publications to his name in reputed journals of Psychiatry.
Background: Psychological factors have been known to be a risk for coronary disease. Psychiatric disorders may develop as a complication of cardiovascular disease.
Aim: To study psychosocial stressors and psychiatric morbidity in Myocardial Infarction patients and establish their correlation.
Materials and Methods: 50 patients with Myocardial Infarction were evaluated for stressors using PSLES scale and compared with the control group. Another group of 50 patients post Myocardial infarction were assessed for Anxiety and Depression using suitable rating scales and compared with control group.
Results: 4.0% patients had no stressors, 16.0% had at least one stressor, 64.0% had two stressors, 16.0% patients had three stressors and there were no patients who had 4 or more stressors. Majority of the patients had two stressors. For all stressors, statistically significant difference was seen between recent MI group and control group (p < 0.05)
Statistically significant difference was found in mean HAM-D score between the six months post MI group and control group (P < 0.05) and a statistically significant difference in mean HAM-A score between the six months post MI group and control group (P < 0.05)
Conclusion: More stressors were present in the patients of Myocardial Infarction compared to the control group. The study also showed that following MI, patients were more depressed and more anxious in comparison to the control group.
Ragnhild Dalakaris currently teaching whilst completing her PhD from Middlesex University, London, in Psychology. She has lived and worked in countries including Ethiopia, Mexico, Malaysia, England and Norway. Research interests include; Psychiatric stigma, cross cultural comparisons, cultural competence, social representations, advocacy for looked after children in the UK, childhood sexual abuse, emotional responses to trauma in unaccompanied asylum seeking minors, mixed research methods, social psychology and positive psychology.
Stigma emerges when stereotypes provide a base for discriminating against, rejecting or excluding those with a psychiatric label from society. Psychiatric stigma is a global health concern leading to widely applicable psychological, social and economic ramifications, potentially having detrimental effect on several aspects of a stigmatized persons’ life. A mixed methods approach exploring social representations of the labels ‘mental health’ and ‘mental illness’, plus social representations towards individuals labelled as ‘mentally ill’ was applied. Both psychiatric stigma and culture are multifaceted and complex concepts. By honouring more than one paradigm at a time, this has the potential to lead to newer, more holistic knowledge of complex real world problems in relation to their cultural context. Members of the public in Norway (n=125) and England (n=134) completed surveys consisting of; word associations and quantitative measures (level of familiarity, need for social distance and emotional reaction scale). Significant difference between the two samples was found in need for social distance towards schizophrenia but not towards depression. A qualitative Inductive Content Analysis was applied to the word association responses, results implied the Norwegian sample seemed to have a stronger concept of ‘mental health’ in line with the WHO’s conceptualization of this. Both samples brought up similar topics in ‘Mental illness’ associations, but sometimes subtle or striking variations were apparent through focus and emphasis in factors making up their social representations. Mirroring findings from lay conceptions of causation of mental illness, social causation seemed to be preferred by both national samples.